- 1. Sadhana (Spiritual practice)
- 1.1 Sadhana (spiritual practice) to attain Bliss
- 1.2 Which is the simplest sadhana in Kaliyug ?
1. Sadhana (Spiritual practice)
The efforts one makes to experience Bliss or attain Ishwar (God) in this very birth are known as sadhana (spiritual practice).
1.1 Sadhana (Spiritual practice) to attain Bliss
In the field of Medicine, one is recognised as a doctor only when one has studied the books (theory) and has given treatment to the patients, during his study time in the university. One can never become a doctor just by reading books. Similarly one cannot understand Dhyan, Bhakti, Shraddha, etc. just by reading about it; one has to undertake sadhana in daily life, to experience it.
In this part, we shall learn about the efforts that one should put in, to achieve Moksha (Final liberation). The first question that arises is, ‘In this era of Kaliyug (era of strife), which is the simplest and practical method to attain the state of God realization ?’
1.2 Which is the simplest sadhana in Kaliyug?
The simplest sadhana in Kaliyug is namajapa (chanting). Our four main Veds, Upanishads, Shreemad Bhagwat Geeta, Shreemad Bhagwatpuran etc clearly explain the importance of chanting.
नाम उपास्स्व । (छांदोग्योपनिषद ७/१/४)
In Chhandogyopanishad, it is said that
“Naam upaasavyaa. (Chhandogyopanishad 7/1/4)
Meaning : Chant (continuously)
Saint Tulsidas has said,
नामु सप्रेम जपत अनयासा ।
भगत होहिं मुद मंगल बासा ।।
सुमिरि पवनसूत पावन नामू ।
अपने बस करि राखे रामू ।।
Naanmu saprem japat anayaasaa |
Bhagat hohim mud mangal baasaa ||
Sumiri pavansut paavan naamu |
Apane basa kari raakhe raamu ||
Meaning : A devotee can easily get immersed in the ocean of Bliss, when he chants with love. Sri Hanuman, the son of the wind won Sri Ram’s heart only by chanting His name continuously.
As per the Rugved,
मर्त्या अमर्त्यस्य ते भुरि नाम मनामहे । (ऋ. ८/११/५)
Meaning : I, the non-last embodied soul, am always and continuously remembering that chant (naam), which is full of divine nectar.
महर्षीणां भृगुरहं गिरामस्म्येकमक्षरम् ।
यज्ञानांजपयज्ञोऽस्मि स्थावराणां हिमालय: ।। (श्रीमद्भगवत्गीता १०:२५)
Mahrsheenam bhrugurham giramsmyekmskarm |
Ydnaamjapayadnyosmi sthavaranam himalayaha || (Shrimad Bhagvatgita 10:25)
Meaning : I am Bhrugu rushi in the list of all maharshi. I am one letter in any sentence, which means I am ‘Om’. I am the sacrificial fire of chanting and amongst those, who are strong and stable, I am the Himalaya mountain.
What is chanting : Chanting is the repetition of God’s name. So who should chant and which God’s Name should one chant ? One should chant the Name of God according to one’s religion of birth.
There are various Gods in the Sanatan Hindu Dharma. So which God’s Name should be chanted by Hindus ? In the initial stages of sadhana, which Name should one chant ? One should chant the Name of the Kuladevata (Family Deity).
Hindus should chant the name of their Kuladevata (Family Deity) : The Kuldevata (Family Deity) is the care taking deity of the family in which we are born. In Hinduism, every family has a particular Deity whose worship brings about worldly and spiritual progress for that family. Now let us see how to chant name of family deity. If the name of the Kuladevata is feminine gender i.e. Kuladevi, then the chant is formed as follows. First say ‘Sri’, followed by the name of Kuladevi and then end with ‘devyai namah’. If the name of the Kuladevata is masculine gender i.e. Kuladev, then the chant is formed as follows. First say ‘Sri’, followed by the name of Kuladev, like ‘Ganeshay’ or ‘Maheshay’ and then end with ‘namah’.
Now let us see some examples to understand this
- If the Kuladevata is ‘Ambama’, then chant ‘Sri Ambadevyai namah’.
- If the Kuladevata is Sri Ganesh then chant ‘Sri Ganeshay namah’.
There can be some exceptions to this. For example, if your Kuladevata is Sri Hanuman, then you will have to chant ‘Sri Hanumate namah’.
Please contact us in case you have any doubt about how to chant your Kuladevata’s name